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Definition of State Disability Benefits

State disability benefits are statutory disability programs that are commonly referred to as "disability insurance." These state disability benefits are funded by mandatory contributions of employees, optionally covered by employers. The contributions of employees are federal tax-deductible. At the present time, there are 5 states and one commonwealth that have state disability benefits for employees. The details in how these programs operate, who is eligible, what they provide and what they are called, vary depending on the state. However, the primary purpose of state disability benefits is the same. They are intended to help employees when they are not able to work because of a non work-related injury or illness. Pregnancy and childbirth eligibility varies from state to state.

In California, state disability benefits are known as State Disability Insurance. It consists of Disability Insurance and Paid Family Leave. In Hawaii, state disability benefits are called Hawaii Temporary Disability Insurance. In New York, it is New York Disability Benefits Law. In Rhode Island, it is Rhode Island Temporary Disability Insurance. In New Jersey, it is New Jersey Temporary Disability Insurance. In the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, state disability benefits are called Puerto Rico Disability Insurance.

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